中国科学院 | 大气所 | 网站地图 | 加入收藏
首 页  | | | 论文论著 | | 科学传播 | English  
  学术报告
学术报告
学术报告 您当前所在的位置: 首页 > 学术报告 > 学术报告
Improving the Representation of Estuarine Processes in Earth System Models
来源:LASG    访问次数:    报告时间:2017-7-31
【报告人】        Dr. Qiang Sun
【报告人单位】University of Connecticut, USA
【报告时间】    2017年7月31日(星期一)11:00
【报告地点】    科研楼303会议室
【报告简介】    The exchange of freshwater between the rivers and estuaries and the open ocean represents a unique form of scale-interaction in the climate system. The local variability in the terrestrial hydrologic cycle is integrated by rivers over potentially large drainage basins (up to semicontinental scales), and is then imposed on the coastal ocean at the scale of a river mouth. Appropriately treating riverine freshwater discharge into the oceans in Earth system models is a challenging problem. Commonly, the river runoff is discharged into the ocean models with zero salinity and arbitrarily distributed either horizontally or vertically over several grid cells. Those approaches entirely neglect estuarine physical processes that modify river inputs before they reach the open ocean. A physically based Estuary Box Model (EBM) is developed to parameterize the mixing processes in estuaries. The EBM has a two-layer structure representing the mixing processes driven by tides and shear flow within the estuaries. It predicts the magnitude of the mixing driven exchange flow, bringing saltier lower-layer shelf water into the estuary to mix with river water prior to discharge to the upper-layer open ocean. The EBM has been tested against observations and high-resolution three-dimensional simulations of the Columbia River estuary, showing excellent agreement in the predictions of the strength of the exchange flow and the salinity of the discharged water, including modulation with the spring-neap tidal cycle. The EBM is implemented globally at every river discharge point of the Community Earth System Model (CESM). The results from experiments are compared with native salinity climatology basic on the World Ocean Database. And it shows the EBM improves the global upper ocean salinity flied. This is the first study to reveal the influences of the estuarine exchange flows in global ocean.
 
© 1997-2010 大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室 版权所有 京ICP备06004370号
北京9804信箱LASG 邮编:100029 传真:82995172