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印度夏季风降水和中印度洋模态
来源:LASG    访问次数:    报告时间:2017-4-17
【报告人】        周磊 博士
【报告人单位】国家海洋局第二海洋研究所
【报告时间】    2017年4月17日(星期一)10:30
【报告地点】    科研楼303会议室
【报告简介】    A Central Indian Ocean (CIO) mode is found to play a critical role in driving the heavy precipitation during the Indian summer monsoon (ISM). It is typically denoted with a combination of intraseasonal sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies and intraseasonal wind anomalies over the central Indian Ocean, and it preserves the mechanistic links among various dynamic and thermodynamic fields. Like a T-junction, it controls the propagation direction of the intraseasonal variabilities (ISVs) originating in the western Indian Ocean. During the ISM, the CIO mode creates an environment favorable for the northward-propagating mesoscale variabilities. Besides the intraseasonal variabilities, the CIO mode also has pronounced seasonal and interannual variabilities. The CIO mode is active during boreal summer, but suppressed during boreal winter. The seasonality is mainly attributable to the barotropic instability which is caused by the large meridional shear of zonal winds. The identification of the CIO mode deepens our understanding of the coupled monsoon system and brightens the prospects for better simulation and prediction of monsoonal precipitation in the affected countries.
 
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